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ERIC Number: EJ858828
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0169-0965
Effects of Homophony on Reading Aloud: Implications for Models of Speech Production
Biedermann, Britta; Coltheart, Max; Nickels, Lyndsey; Saunders, Steve
Language and Cognitive Processes, v24 n6 p804-842 2009
In this paper we investigate whether homophones have "shared" (e.g., Dell, 1990; Levelt, Roelofs, & Meyer, 1999) or "independent" (e.g., Caramazza, Costa, Miozzo, & Bi, 2001) phonological representations. We carried out a homophone reading aloud task with low frequency irregular homophones and matched low frequency irregular non-homophonic controls. The "Shared Representation" view predicted a homophone advantage: homophones should be read faster than their matched controls because the low frequency homophone inherits the frequency of its high frequency partner. The "Independent Representation" view predicted neither an advantage nor a disadvantage: performance should be governed by the homophone's specific-word frequency. Results showed that low frequency homophones were read aloud "slower" than non-homophonic controls. Results were confirmed with an independent database of reading latencies (Balota, Cortese, Hutchison, Neely, Nelson, Simpson, & Treiman, 2002). Additionally, attempts to simulate the homophone disadvantage effect using current computational models of reading aloud were all unsuccessful. The homophone disadvantage effect constitutes, therefore, a new challenge for all computational reading models to date. (Contains 7 footnotes, 9 tables, and 5 figures.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia