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ERIC Number: EJ858636
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 37
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0388-0001
Contrastive Semantics of Physical Activity Verbs: "Cutting" and "Chopping" in English, Polish, and Japanese
Goddard, Cliff; Wierzbicka, Anna
Language Sciences, v31 n1 p60-96 Jan 2009
This study explores the contrastive lexical semantics of verbs comparable to "cut" and "chop" in three languages (English, Polish, and Japanese), using the natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) technique of semantic analysis. It proposes a six-part semantic template, and argues that this template can serve as a basis for a lexical typology of complex physical activity verbs in general. At the same time, it argues that language-specific aspects of the semantics are often culturally motivated. Nine verbs are examined (English "cut," "chop," "slice," Polish "ciac" "cut," "krajac" "cut/slice," "obcinac" "cut around," "rabac" "chop," Japanese "kiru" "cut," "kizamu" "chop"), and NSM explications are proposed for each one based on its range of use in natural contexts, thus capturing the semantic similarities and differences in fine-grained detail. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A