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ERIC Number: EJ858426
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0300-4430
Developmental Changes in Children's Understandings of Intelligence and Thinking Skills
Burke, Lynsey A.; Williams, Joanne M.
Early Child Development and Care, v179 n7 p949-968 2009
Research on children's concepts of intelligence has not considered how children conceptualise specific thinking skills. This study extends previous research on the development of children's concepts of intelligence and produces novel data on children's understandings of effective thinking and thinking skills. Seventy-five children were sampled from four primary schools in central Scotland, with 25 children from each of the following ages: five years (M = 5, 5; 10 boys, 15 girls); seven years (M = 7, 4; 13 boys, 12 girls) and 11 years (M = 11, 5; 10 boys, 15 girls). During semi-structured individual interviews, children were asked questions regarding their understandings of intelligence and thinking, the relation between effort and ability, the stability of intelligence and their knowledge of specific thinking skills. Data were coded using content analysis and analysed using non-parametric statistics to reveal age trends. Results showed developmental trends in children's understandings of intelligence and specific thinking skills. There were no age trends found in children's definitions of effective thinking and consequently no correlations found between children's views of intelligence and effective thinking. The findings support previous research by demonstrating developmental trends in children's concepts of intelligence. The results will contribute to school-based interventions aimed to improve thinking skills among children. (Contains 6 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)