ERIC Number: EJ858359
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Abnormal fMRI Activation Pattern during Story Listening in Individuals with Down Syndrome
Reynolds Losin, Elizabeth A.; Rivera, Susan M.; O'Hare, Elizabeth D.; Sowell, Elizabeth R.; Pinter, Joseph D.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v114 n5 p369-380 Sep 2009
Down syndrome is characterized by disproportionately severe impairments of speech and language, yet little is known about the neural underpinnings of these deficits. We compared fMRI activation patterns during passive story listening in 9 young adults with Down syndrome and 9 approximately age-matched, typically developing controls. The typically developing group exhibited greater activation than did the Down syndrome group in classical receptive language areas (superior and middle temporal gyri) for forward greater than backward speech; the Down syndrome group exhibited greater activation in cingulate gyrus, superior and inferior parietal lobules, and precuneus for both forward speech greater than rest and backward speech greater than rest. The Down syndrome group showed almost no difference in activation patterns between the language (forward speech) and nonlanguage (backward speech) conditions.
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Young Adults, Receptive Language, Diagnostic Tests, Listening, Comparative Analysis, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Speech Communication, Speech Impairments, Language Impairments, Neurological Organization
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://aaidd.allenpress.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A