ERIC Number: EJ858298
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Brief Report: Does Eye Contact Induce Contagious Yawning in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Senju, Atsushi; Kikuchi, Yukiko; Akechi, Hironori; Hasegawa, Toshikazu; Tojo, Yoshikuni; Osanai, Hiroo
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v39 n11 p1598-1602 Nov 2009
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) reportedly fail to show contagious yawning, but the mechanism underlying the lack of contagious yawning is still unclear. The current study examined whether instructed fixation on the eyes modulates contagious yawning in ASD. Thirty-one children with ASD, as well as 31 age-matched typically developing (TD) children, observed video clips of either yawning or control mouth movements. Participants were instructed to fixate to the eyes of the face stimuli. Following instructed fixation on the eyes, both TD children and children with ASD yawned equally frequently in response to yawning stimuli. Current results suggest that contagious yawning could occur in ASD under an experimental condition in which they are instructed to fixate on the yawning eyes.
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Eye Movements, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Visual Stimuli, Visual Perception
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A