NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ858179
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 165
ISSN: ISSN-0731-9258
Virtual Manipulative Materials in Secondary Mathematics: A Theoretical Discussion
Namukasa, Immacukate K.; Stanley, Darren; Tuchtie, Martin
Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, v28 n3 p277-307 Jul 2009
With the increased use of computer manipulatives in teaching there is need for theoretical discussions on the role of manipulatives. This paper reviews theoretical rationales for using manipulatives and illustrates how earlier distinctions of manipulative materials are broadened to include new forms of materials such as virtual manipulatives. Manipulatives are in a broader network of learning tools. Applying a theoretical lens to a specific material, the polynomial tile, the paper demonstrates the following (a) a complementary relationships between virtual and concrete manipulatives; (b) two or more theories can appropriately justify the same material and (c) exploration of a specific manipulative may generate novel theoretical rationales. This exploration is helpful in the process of designing, selecting, categorizing and evaluating learning tools. (Contains 1 table, 7 figures and 9 notes.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327-1545. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A