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ERIC Number: EJ857807
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 17
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0095-182X
Haudenosaunee Genealogies: Conflict and Community in the Oneida Land Claim
Ackley, Kristina
American Indian Quarterly, v33 n4 p462-478 Fall 2009
The Oneidas have a history marked by land dispossession and removal from a once vast homeland. In 2009, there are three Oneida communities that share in litigation for the return of the homeland; in New York (2,000 members), at the Thames community near Southwold, Ontario (5,000 members), and in Wisconsin (15,000 members). Those hostile to the Oneidas and their legal claim to the homeland have challenged in recent court litigation the New York Oneidas as a continually functioning government and political-cultural entity, in part due to its population size, which has been substantially decreased by removal. Importantly, there has been continued Oneida residence in the claim area since the removals, though many Oneidas are effectively and perhaps permanently "away." These dynamics affect the Wisconsin Oneidas in their attempts at resolution of the land claim. In this article, the author addresses the relationship between home and away and their role in ongoing Oneida community and conflict, particularly in regard to the understanding and interpretation of Haudenosaunee ways of knowing among the Wisconsin Oneidas and its effect on how the people identify themselves. First, the author discusses how the Wisconsin Oneidas position themselves in relationship to an evolving definition of "Haudenosaunee" and "homeland," giving particular consideration to how the Wisconsin Oneidas changed from being known as the "New York Indians" to an "out-of-state tribe." The author then privileges the discussion of conflict and community as she discusses the work of Wilson Cornelius, whose activism on behalf of the land claim in the early 20th century ensured the participation of all three communities. In this article, the author particularly focuses on a framework of Haudenosaunee ways of knowing, as interpreted by the Wisconsin Oneidas, and how this structures political activism and how it is viewed by the community. In the process of examining these ideas, the author makes particular use of Haudenosaunee genealogies through an examination of ideas and kinship. These genealogies, or the tracing of ancestry and ways of knowing, are placed within the context of a continuing mobility of the Oneida. (Contains 30 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; New York; Wisconsin