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ERIC Number: EJ857157
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-0034-3552
Disability Prototypes in the United States and the Russian Federation: An International Comparison
Martz, Erin; Strohmer, Douglas; Fitzgerald, Debra; Daniel, Samantha; Arm, Jennifer
Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, v53 n1 p16-26 2009
The purpose of this cross-cultural research is to examine prototypical perspectives about disability groups in the United States and Russia by extending the research on disability prototypes that was conducted by McCaughey and Strohmer. Open-ended questions permitted participants to describe what they thought were prototypical characteristics of people in three disability groups (AIDS, hearing impairment, and spinal cord injury). A series of chi-square analyses indicate that there are significant differences across superordinate categories between the two countries, in addition to significant differences within two superordinate categories when examining the two samples across three disability categories. Tentative conclusions of the findings, possible implications for rehabilitation counselors, and directions for further research are briefly discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A