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ERIC Number: EJ856805
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-0924-3453
A Seasonal Perspective on School Effectiveness: Evidence from a Flemish Longitudinal Study in Kindergarten and First Grade
Verachtert, Pieter; Van Damme, Jan; Onghena, Patrick; Ghesquiere, Pol
School Effectiveness and School Improvement, v20 n2 p215-233 Jun 2009
Summer learning studies have been set up to investigate the evolution of initial group differences in academic achievement, for example, between low- and high-socioeconomic status (SES) children. Moreover, this approach has been used to demonstrate the absolute effect of going to school on children's learning. In the present study, we used multilevel piecewise linear growth modeling to analyze growth in mathematics skills throughout kindergarten and 1st grade. First, we added to the evidence of an absolute schooling effect by demonstrating that average learning rates were faster during both school years than during the intervening summer vacation. Second, mathematics achievement gaps between children from different socioeconomic, ethnic, and linguistic backgrounds were found to remain stable during kindergarten and the summer vacation. During 1st grade, however, the ethnic and linguistic achievement gaps disappeared, whereas the SES achievement gap remained unchanged. Finally, we found no evidence for school-level variation in summer learning rates. (Contains 6 notes, 4 tables and 1 figure.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium