ERIC Number: EJ856490
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
A Brief Commentary on the Hegelian-Marxist Origins of Gramsci's "Philosophy of Praxis"
Hill, Debbie J.
Educational Philosophy and Theory, v41 n6 p605-621 Oct 2009
The specific nuances of what Gramsci names "the new dialectic" are explored in this paper. The dialectic was Marx's specific "mode of thought" or "method of logic" as it has been variously called, by which he analyzed the world and man's relationship to that world. As well as constituting a theory of knowledge (epistemology), what arises out of the dialectic is also an ontology or portrait of humankind that is based on the complete historicization of humanity; its "absolute "historicism"" or "the absolute secularisation and earthliness of thought", as Gramsci worded it (Gramsci, 1971, p. 465). Embracing a fully secular and historical view of humanity, it provides a vantage point that allows the multiple and complex effects of our own conceptual heritage to be interrogated in relation to our developing "nature" or "being". The argument presented in this paper is that the legacy of both Hegel and Marx is manifest in the depth of Gramsci's comprehension of what he termed the "educative-formative" problem of hegemony. It is precisely the legacy of this Hegelian-Marxist radical philosophical critique that is signified in his continuing commitment to the "philosophy of praxis" and the historical-dialectical principles that underpin this worldview.
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Critical Theory, Teaching Methods, Epistemology, Political Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
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