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ERIC Number: EJ856455
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1530-5058
Ranking Groups' Abilities: Is It Always Reliable?
Schechtman, Edna; Yitzhaki, Shlomo
International Journal of Testing, v9 n3 p195-214 2009
The huge technological improvement in data processing and the globalization have increased the demand for and the supply of indices that quantify the consequences of a policy. However, there are certain cases in which quantification may be misleading in the sense that it gives the impression of an accurate measurement while in reality it is not. Needless to say that a policy that is based on the wrong impression is doomed to fail. This article presents such an example in the area of education. Ability is a latent variable. As such, it has to be measured indirectly, using questions of varying levels of difficulties. The larger the number of questions a student answers correctly, the higher the grade and the higher the estimated ability. Groups (i.e., classes, schools, ethnic groups, etc.) are ranked in a similar way, based on the average grades of their students. This article argues that the inability to directly measure ability may cause the ranking of groups to be questionable in the sense that one can compose an alternative legitimate examination that will reverse the ranking of groups' average abilities. This case may occur although the ranking of individuals according to ability may be correct. This problem percolates into other cases of aggregation of grades, such as the use of grades in a regression. The article provides an easy way to check whether the condition for reversing the order of the ranks is possible. As an illustration we demonstrate the methodology using data from Israel and from TIMSS. (Contains 4 figures, 5 tables and 12 footnotes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Grade 12; Grade 8; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium; China; Israel; Philippines; Tunisia