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ERIC Number: EJ856452
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-1530-5058
Investigating Gender Differential Item Functioning across Countries and Test Languages for PISA Science Items
Le, Luc T.
International Journal of Testing, v9 n2 p122-133 2009
This study uses PISA cycle 3 field trial data to investigate the relationships between gender differential item functioning (DIF) across countries and test languages for science items and their formats and the four other dimensions defined in PISA framework: focus, context, competency, and scientific knowledge. The data used were collected from 60 test language groups by 50 participating countries with a total of about 83,000 fifteen-year-old students. An IRT method is used to detect the gender uniform DIF for each of the language groups and the whole international sample. Gender directions have been drawn for each of the five item characteristic dimensions, for example, multiple choice and closed response items tend to favor males. The study also shows the effects of the country and test language on gender DIF in the international data. Findings from this study provide a potentially valuable contribution to the development of tests for international use. (Contains 3 tables, 1 figure 1 footnote.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment