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ERIC Number: EJ856385
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0273-5024
Relations among Body Size Discrepancy, Gender, and Indices of Motivation and Achievement in High School Physical Education
Lodewyk, Ken R.; Gammage, Kimberley L.; Sullivan, Philip J.
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, v28 n4 p362-377 Oct 2009
Increasing dropout rates in senior high school physical education, particularly among females, and unhealthy activity and obesity levels in youth have led to recommendations to assess potential contributing factors in physical education participation. Drawing from gender, body image, and social-cognitive theory, this study investigated relations between body size discrepancy, self-efficacy, test anxiety, and achievement in 316 high school physical education students. Gender differences were noted in body size discrepancy (females reported the desire to have a smaller body). Specifically in females, body size discrepancy predicted test anxiety, which predicted self-efficacy. Self-efficacy predicted achievement in both males and females. The results signal that gender-specific relations among these constructs are important factors to consider in the achievement scores of students in high school physical education. Physical education programs should model curricula and instructional practices that defuse potentially harmful body image discrepancies that seem most poignant in females while engaging all learners to feel competent and safe. (Contains 2 figures and 2 tables.)
Human Kinetics, Inc. 1607 North Market Street, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 800-474-4457; Fax: 217-351-1549; e-mail: info@hkusa.com; Web site: http://www.humankinetics.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 9; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada