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ERIC Number: EJ856351
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-1041-679X
Culture, Attributions, and Language Anxiety
Lim, Hye-Yeon
Applied Language Learning, v19 n1-2 p29-52 2009
The purpose of this study is to move beyond the more traditional focus on individual characteristics as they relate to anxiety in the use of a foreign language. In order to do this, cultural characteristics, perceptions of the cause of successful learning, and foreign (English) language use anxiety were included as the major variables. Three specific issues were examined: (a) The relationship between the cultural characteristics of collectivism vs. individualism and language anxiety as measured by the English Language Use Anxiety Scale; (b) the relationship between participant country of origin and the amount of language anxiety; and (c) variation among participant country of origin and perceptions of the factors which lead to successful language learning. The results indicated that there was no difference in the English language use anxiety scores and the collectivist/individualist nature of the student's cultural orientation. Results further showed the student's country of origin did affect the degree of language anxiety. Asians had the highest degree of language anxiety. Perceptions of the cause of successful language acquisition (i.e. ability, luck, task difficulty, and effort) varied by country. Discussions include implications for ESL/EFL teachers in managing the classroom and increasing learning while diminishing foreign language use anxiety. (Contains 10 tables and 1 note.)
Defense Language Institute, Foreign Language Center. Academic Journals, 1759 Lewis Road Suite 142, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey, CA 93944-5006. Tel: 831-242-5638; Fax: 831-242-5850; e-mail:; Website:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A