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ERIC Number: EJ856350
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1041-679X
Dispreferred Responses in Interlanguage Pragmatics Refusal Sequences in Learner-NS Interactions
Felix-Brasdefer, J. Cesar
Applied Language Learning, v19 n1-2 p1-27 2009
This study examines the pragmatic strategies that learners utilize to negotiate a resolution when refusing a native speaker of higher status in three asymmetric situations (+Power, +Distance). Following Pomerantz's (1984) analysis of dispreferred responses, this study focuses on refusals to an invitation, a request, and a suggestion. Refusal responses are analyzed as refusal sequences across the interaction and with respect to individual and situational pragmatic variation. Results showed that learners employed a variety of direct and indirect strategies to delay a refusal response across one or more insistence-refusal sequences. The interactional input provided by the native speaker served to help the learners get back on track in the conversation and to bring the conversation to a successful resolution. Three aspects of learners' pragmatic competence are analyzed: situational variation, individual variability, and the sequential organization of refusals in learner-NS interactions. Finally, two additional issues are discussed: formulaic use of interlanguage refusals and the effect of length of stay in the host environment on the pragmatic competence of the advanced learner. (Contains 3 figures, 1 table and 3 notes.)
Defense Language Institute, Foreign Language Center. Academic Journals, 1759 Lewis Road Suite 142, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey, CA 93944-5006. Tel: 831-242-5638; Fax: 831-242-5850; e-mail: aj@pom-emh1.army.mil; Website: http://www.dliflc.edu/Academics/academic_materials/all/allissues.htm
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A