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ERIC Number: EJ856278
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-1043-4046
Unifying Concepts in Stimulus-Secretion Coupling in Endocrine Cells and Some Implications for Therapeutics
Misler, Stanley
Advances in Physiology Education, v33 n3 p175-186 Sep 2009
Stimulus-secretion coupling (SSC) in endocrine cells remains underappreciated as a subject for the study/teaching of general physiology. In the present article, we review key new electrophysiological, electrochemical, and fluorescence optical techniques for the study of exocytosis in single cells that have made this a fertile area for recent research. Based on findings using these techniques, we developed a model of SSC for adrenal chromaffin cells that blends features of Ca[superscript 2+] entry-dependent SSC (characteristic of neurons) with G protein receptor-coupled, Ca[superscript 2+] release-dependent, and second messenger-dependent SSC (characteristic of epithelial exocrine cells and nucleated blood cells). This model requires two distinct pools of secretory granules with differing Ca[superscript 2+] sensitivities. We extended this model to account for SSC in a wide variety of peripheral and hypothalamic/pituitary-based endocrine cells. These include osmosensitive magnocellular neurosecretory cells releasing antidiuretic hormone, stretch-sensitive atrial myocytes secreting atrial natriuretic peptide, K[superscript +]-sensitive adrenal glomerulosa cells secreting aldosterone, Ca[superscript 2+]-sensitive parathyroid chief cells secreting parathyroid hormone, and glucose-sensitive beta- and alpha-cells of pancreatic islets secreting insulin and glucagon, respectively. We conclude this article with implications of this approach for pathophysiology and therapeutics, including defects in chief cell Ca[superscript 2+] sensitivity, resulting in the hyperparathyroidism of renal disease, and defects in biphasic insulin secretion, resulting in diabetes mellitus. (Contains 8 figures and 1 footnote.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A