ERIC Number: EJ856256
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Emotion-Memory Effects in Bilingual Speakers: A Levels-of-Close Processing Approach
Aycicegi-Dinn, Ayse; Caldwell-Harris, Catherine L.
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v12 n3 p291-303 Jul 2009
Emotion-memory effects occur when emotion words are more frequently recalled than neutral words. Bilingual speakers report that taboo terms and emotional phrases generate a stronger emotional response when heard or spoken in their first language. This suggests that the basic emotion-memory will be stronger for words presented in a first language. Turkish-English bilinguals performed a deep processing task (emotional-intensity rating) or shallow processing task (counting letter features) and two additional deep processing tasks (translation and word association) on five categories of words (taboo words, reprimands, positive words, negative words, and neutral words), followed by a surprise recall task. Reprimands had the highest recall in English (L2), which may be a novelty effect. If reprimands are set aside, then overall emotion-memory effects were similar in the two languages, with taboo words having the highest recall, followed by positive words. Negative words had no recall advantage over neutral words, an unexpected finding. Results indicate that emotional attributes of words are equally available to boost memory in a first and second language in both shallow and deep processing tasks, although some task-specific effects did occur.
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Recall (Psychology), Bilingualism, Language Processing, Vocabulary, Language Usage, Turkish, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Task Analysis, Memory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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