ERIC Number: EJ856255
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
A Quick, Gradient Bilingual Dominance Scale
Dunn, Alexandra L.; Fox Tree, Jean E.
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v12 n3 p273-289 Jul 2009
The lack of consistency in how bilingual language dominance is assessed currently impedes cross-experiment comparisons (Grosjean, 1998). We present a paper-and-pencil dominance scale that can be used to quantify the language dominancy of bilingual participants. The scale targets three main criteria important in gauging dominance (Grosjean, 1998; Flege, Mackay & Piske, 2002): percent of language use for both languages, age of acquisition and age of comfort for both languages, and restructuring of language fluency due to changes in linguistic environments. Reaction times from a Spanish/English lexical translation task and filler rates and elongation rates from a Spanish/English sentence translation task support the validity of the scale. The scale can be adapted for nonliterate populations by asking questions verbally and recording responses.
Descriptors: Language Dominance, Translation, Measures (Individuals), Language Fluency, Bilingualism, Evaluation Criteria, Language Usage, Age, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, Reaction Time, Task Analysis, Spanish, English, Sentences, Rating Scales
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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