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ERIC Number: EJ856095
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1461-3808
Teaching Musical Expression: Effects of Production and Delivery of Feedback by Teacher vs. Computer on Rated Feedback Quality
Karlsson, Jessika; Liljestrom, Simon; Juslin, Patrik N.
Music Education Research, v11 n2 p175-191 Jun 2009
Previous research has shown that a computer program may improve performers' abilities to express emotions through their performance. Yet, performers seem reluctant to embrace this novel technology. In this study we explored possible reasons for these negative impressions. Eighty guitarists performed a piece of music to express various emotions, received feedback on their performances and judged the quality of the feedback they received on rating scales. In a 2 x 2 between-subjects factorial design, we manipulated (a) the performers' belief about whether the feedback was produced by a teacher or a computer program (feedback delivery); and (b) the feedback content in terms of whether they were really produced by a teacher or a computer program (feedback production). Results revealed significant main effects of both production and delivery, but no interaction between the two. That is, the mere belief that the feedback derived from a teacher yielded higher quality ratings, but so also did feedback that did indeed derive from a teacher. While both teacher-produced and computer-produced feedback were rated equally easy to understand, teacher-produced feedback was rated as more detailed. Additional analyses revealed that teacher-produced feedback was appreciated because it offered encouragement, examples and explanations. Implications for computer applications in music education are discussed. (Contains 1 figure, 3 tables and 2 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A