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ERIC Number: EJ855911
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-1088-8438
Who Knows What? Maintaining Multiple Perspectives during Reading
Weingartner, Kristin M.; Klin, Celia M.
Scientific Studies of Reading, v13 n4 p275-294 2009
Recent findings (Keysar, 1994; Weingartner & Klin, 2005) have shown that readers are not always accurate at taking a story character's perspective. When readers evaluated a character's understanding of a written message, they mistakenly took into account information that was inaccessible to that character. The results from the three experiments reported here demonstrate that this "illusory transparency of intention" is not dependent on the message readers' communicative role: Even when the message was composed for one character but read by another, readers assumed that the message was understood as it was intended. The results are discussed in the context of two theoretical accounts for these perspective-taking errors: the "knowledge projection hypothesis," which appeals to readers' expectations about cooperative behavior during communication, and "construal," which attributes the illusory transparency of intention to a general cognitive bias that occurs during the perception of ambiguous stimuli. (Contains 2 tables and 6 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A