NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ855865
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0964-5292
Estimating Cognitive Gaps between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australians
Leigh, Andrew; Gong, Xiaodong
Education Economics, v17 n2 p239-261 Jun 2009
Improving cognitive skills of young children has been suggested as a possible strategy for equalising opportunities across racial groups. Using data on four and five year olds in the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Children, we focus on two cognitive tests: the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, and the "Who Am I?" test. We estimate the test score gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children to be about 0.3-0.4 standard deviations, suggesting that the typical Indigenous five year old has a similar test score to the typical non-Indigenous four year old. Between one-third and two-thirds of the Indigenous/non-Indigenous test score gap appears to be due to socio-economic differences, such as income and parental education. We review the literature on test score differences in Australia, and observe that our estimated gaps are lower than most of those found in the literature. This implies that the test score gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children may widen during school years, a finding that has implications for policies aimed at improving educational opportunities for Indigenous children. (Contains 11 notes, 13 tables and 2 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test