ERIC Number: EJ855324
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Memory Binding in Early Childhood: Evidence for a Retrieval Deficit
Lloyd, Marianne E.; Doydum, Ayzit O.; Newcombe, Nora S.
Child Development, v80 n5 p1321-1328 Sep-Oct 2009
Previous research has suggested that performance for items requiring memory-binding processes improves between ages 4 and 6 (J. Sluzenski, N. Newcombe, & S. L. Kovacs, 2006). The present study suggests that much of this improvement is due to retrieval, as opposed to encoding, deficits for 4-year-olds. Four- and 6-year-old children (N = 48 per age) were given objects, backgrounds, and object + background combinations to remember. Younger children performed equivalently to 6-year-olds during a working memory task for all types of memory questions but were impaired during a long-term memory task for the object + background combinations. Furthermore, this deficit was completely due to differences in false alarm rates, suggesting that separate analyses of hits and false alarms may be preferable to corrected recognition scores when studying memory development.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory, Young Children, Task Analysis, Scores, Recognition (Psychology), Child Development, Cognitive Ability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A