ERIC Number: EJ855279
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Parental Depression as a Moderator of Secondary Deficits of Depression in Adult Offspring
Timko, Christine; Cronkite, Ruth C.; Swindle, Ralph; Robinson, Rebecca L.; Sutkowi, Anne; Moos, Rudolf H.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v40 n4 p575-588 Dec 2009
This study examined whether having a depressed parent intensifies the secondary deficits that often co-occur with offspring's depression symptoms. The sample was adult offspring of parents who had been diagnosed with depression 23 years earlier (N = 143) and demographically matched nondepressed parents (N = 197). Respondents completed mailed questionnaires. After controlling for demographic factors, offspring who were more depressed experienced more impairment: physical dysfunction, pain, and disability; anxiety, smoking, and drinking-related problems; poorer social resources; negative events and severe stressors; and reliance on emotional discharge coping. Parental status (depressed or not depressed) was not directly related to offspring impairment once offspring depression symptoms were controlled. However, parental status moderated associations between offspring's depression severity and their impairment: relationships between depression and impairments were generally stronger for offspring of depressed parents than for offspring of nondepressed parents. Depressed individuals who are offspring of depressed parents may be at particular risk for the secondary deficits of depression.
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Depression (Psychology), Parents, Parent Influence, Family Environment, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Child Health, Well Being, Adults, Child Development, Physical Disabilities, Pain, Disabilities, Anxiety, Smoking, Drinking, Interpersonal Relationship, Coping, Stress Variables, Emotional Response, Severity (of Disability), At Risk Persons
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A