ERIC Number: EJ855244
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Educational Strategies to Reduce Diagnostic Error: Can You Teach This Stuff?
Graber, Mark L.
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v14 suppl 1 p63-69 Sep 2009
Diagnostic error typically involves both system-related and cognitive root causes. Educational interventions are proposed to address both of these dimensions: In regard to system-related origins, education should focus on communication skills, including handoffs. In regard to cognitive shortcomings, educators need to consider both normative approaches to decision making, as well as the "flesh and blood" processes used by experienced clinicians. In the long term, the goal of education should be to promote expertise, based on the assumption that experts make the fewest mistakes. In the short term, education should emphasize the importance of reflective practice, and consider use of a checklist for diagnosis to improve reliability.
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Communication Skills, Cognitive Processes, Thinking Skills, Prevention, Expertise, Check Lists, Reflection, Systems Approach, Role of Education, Allied Health Occupations Education, Medical Education, Medical Services, Medical Evaluation, Skill Development, Clinical Diagnosis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A