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ERIC Number: EJ855096
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
ISSN: ISSN-1081-3004
Real-Time Teaching: Learners Need Purposeful and Systematic Instruction
Ross, Donna; Frey, Nancy
Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, v53 n1 p75-78 Sep 2009
This article provides readers with information about an instructional framework that gradually releases responsibility from teachers to learners. Pearson and Gallagher (1983) introduced a model that depicts learning as a purposeful process that allows for a systematic shift in the cognitive load (responsibility) from the teacher to the student. In their model, explicit instruction is followed by guided practice in which the teacher and student have joint responsibility for using those skills or strategies. The learner takes the lead, with the teacher guiding the learner through the difficult spots and then stepping back as soon as the learner regains control. The authors explain the instructional model and then provide an example of real teaching from an arts classroom.
International Reading Association. 800 Barksdale Road, P.O. Box 8139, Newark, DE 19714-8139. Tel: 800-336-7323; Fax: 302-731-1057; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A