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ERIC Number: EJ855051
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 13
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1084-6522
Promoting Bio-Ethanol in the United States by Incorporating Lessons from Brazil's National Alcohol Program
Du, Yangbo
NCSSSMST Journal, v13 n1 p12-17 Fall 2007
Current U.S. energy policy supports increasing the use of bio-ethanol as a gasoline substitute, which Brazil first produced on a large scale in response to the 1970s energy crises. Brazil's National Alcohol Program stood out among its contemporaries regarding its success at displacing a third of Brazil's gasoline requirements, primarily due to favorable market conditions and government support. Similar to the Brazilian experience, future progress towards displacing gasoline with fuel ethanol in the U.S. will depend largely upon political support and economic circumstances in the agricultural and energy sectors and markets. Accounting for differences in aggregate gasoline usage and feedstock availability compared to Brazil, the United States would have to speed up commercialization of cellulose ethanol technology in order to achieve a similar degree of success as Brazil, support co-production of biomass derivatives along with fuel ethanol production, and maintain profitability of innovation in the bio-ethanol sector, among other initiatives. (Contains 3 figures and 6 footnotes.)
National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics, Science and Technology. 3020 Wards Ferry Road, Lynchburg, VA 24502. Tel: 434-582-1104; Fax: 434-239-4140; e-mail: office@ncsssmst.org; Web site: http://www.ncsssmst.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil; United States