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ERIC Number: EJ854968
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
ISSN: ISSN-1443-1475
Differences in Problem Solving Strategies of Mathematically Gifted and Non-Gifted Elementary Students
Heinze, Astrid
International Education Journal, v6 n2 p175-183 May 2005
This study presents problem solving strategies and processes of thinking of mathematically gifted elementary children with respect to non-routine word problems. The data stem from a university-based course, especially designed to foster gifted children, ages 6-10 years, through the enrichment of the elementary mathematics curriculum. Videotapes of the children's problem solving processes were transcribed in great detail and provided the basis for the analysis. The presented examples show that mathematically gifted elementary students stand out in the ability to work systematically and quickly, getting an insight into the problem's mathematical structure. Additionally these children stand out in their high ability to verbalise and to explain their solutions. In comparison to non-gifted children these qualities in problem solving show significance. The significance was calculated by non-parametric tests. (Contains 5 figures, 4 examples, and 16 footnotes.)
Shannon Research Press. Available from: Australian and New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society. ANZCIES Secretariat, Curtin University, Box U1987, Perth, WA Australia. Tel: +61-8-9266-7106; Fax: +61-8-9266-3222; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A