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ERIC Number: EJ854960
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-1443-1475
Factors Influencing Reading Achievement in Germany and Spain: Evidence from PISA 2000
Kotte, Dieter; Lietz, Petra; Lopez, Maria Martinez
International Education Journal, v6 n1 p113-124 Mar 2005
This article examines the factors fostering and inhibiting student achievement in Germany and Spain at the 15-year-old level in the OECD Programme on International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2000. Both countries performed significantly below the OECD average not only in Reading but also in Mathematics and Science on this occasion. Since the two countries are similar in average levels of student achievement, it is of interest to consider whether similar patterns exist in the ways in which factors operate to influence student achievement in these two countries. Preliminary analyses were carried out with PLSPATH and subsequent two-level models were analysed separately using Hierarchical Linear Modelling (HLM) software. Some similar factors influenced reading achievement in the two countries, but substantial differences in explaining reading achievement were also found. Much of the difference between the two systems arise from the large components of variance in Germany at the school level and in Spain at the between student within school level. Thus efforts to improve reading achievement should focus in Germany on low performing schools, whereas, in Spain remedial programs should be directed towards increased assistance at the individual student level in many of the schools. (Contains 5 tables and 2 figures.)
Shannon Research Press. Available from: Australian and New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society. ANZCIES Secretariat, Curtin University, Box U1987, Perth, WA Australia. Tel: +61-8-9266-7106; Fax: +61-8-9266-3222; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany; Spain
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment