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ERIC Number: EJ854953
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-1443-1475
A Cross-Age Study on the Understanding of Chemical Solutions and Their Components
Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa
International Education Journal, v6 n1 p30-41 Mar 2005
The aims of this study were considered under three headings. The first was to elicit misconceptions that students had about the terms "solute", "solvent" and "solution." The second was to understand how students' prior learning affected their misconceptions. The third was to determine if students were able to make a connection between their own knowledge and chemistry in everyday life. To achieve these aims, a paper and-pencil test composed of 18 open-ended questions was designed, but only four questions related to chemical solutions and their components. The test was administered to 441 students from different grades that ranged from Grade 7 with students aged 13-14 years to Grade 10 with students aged 16-17 years. As a result of the analyses undertaken, it was found that students' misunderstanding about the concepts of dissolution and conservation of mass influenced their knowledge about the these terms. Moreover, it was found that students had difficulties making connections between their knowledge and life experiences. Furthermore, it was elicited that the examples given by most of students under investigation were limited to particular solid-liquid and liquid-liquid solutions; however, some students in the upper grades referred to solid-solid and gas-gas solutions such as air, nitrogen and oxygen (N[subscript 2]-O[subscript 2]), and alloy composition. Therefore, it was concluded that although students' conceptions and misconceptions were acquired and stored, they occurred without ostensible links between everyday life and school experiences. Furthermore, depending on the instruction students received and over time, it was deduced that their conceptual understanding showed a steady increase from Grade 7 to Grade 10, except in the case of Item 1. In light of results of this study, some suggestions for future instruction were made. (Contains 6 tables.)
Shannon Research Press. Available from: Australian and New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society. ANZCIES Secretariat, Curtin University, Box U1987, Perth, WA Australia. Tel: +61-8-9266-7106; Fax: +61-8-9266-3222; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 10; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey