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ERIC Number: EJ854808
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0961-205X
Self-Protective Optimism: Children's Biased Beliefs about the Stability of Traits
Diesendruck, Gil; Lindenbaum, Tali
Social Development, v18 n4 p946-961 Nov 2009
Studies indicate that children believe that positive behaviors are more likely than negative ones to remain stable across time and situations. The present study assessed whether children hold such optimism equally regarding their own vs. others' behavioral patterns. Thirty five-year-olds answered questions about the extent to which they viewed themselves as having various positively, neutrally, and negatively valued behavioral patterns. An experimenter then asked children about the extent to which behavioral patterns that children thought they had would remain stable in themselves and in others, and the extent to which behavioral patterns that they did not think they had would remain stable in others. We found that children gave higher stability ratings for positive behaviors in themselves than in others, and the opposite regarding negative behaviors. This self-protective optimism is discussed vis-a-vis the relationship between children's beliefs about traits and their behaviors and motivations.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A