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ERIC Number: EJ854692
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Developmental Disabilities and Behavioral Problems among School Children in the Western Cape of South Africa
Giarelli, Ellen; Clarke, Darren L.; Catching, Christopher; Ratcliffe, Sarah J.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v30 n6 p1297-1305 Nov-Dec 2009
Aim: This descriptive cross-sectional study estimates the frequencies and kinds of potential developmental disabilities (DD) and behavior problems (BP) among children in grades R and 1 who attend a primary public school in rural Western Cape Province, South Africa. Methods: Data were collected on 174 children aged 5.1-8.8 years using the "Ten Question Screener" (10QS) and the "Developmental Behaviors Checklist-Short form." Results: For the entire sample, 42% (n = 73) screened positive for 1 or more possible DD on the 10SQ. Twenty-one percent (n = 36) screened positive for one or more possible DDs. Thirty-six percent (n = 63) of the sample scored above the cutoff for a behavioral problem that may be clinically significant. For this group the proportion of females (n = 36, 39%) was slightly higher than males (n = 28, 35%). Conclusion: The percent of possible DDs and BP among children in grades R and 1 is higher than the number of learners with special needs reported by the Principal for the entire school (18.7%). The findings from this study suggest that there may be more learners than formally designated who have special educational needs that may benefit from special educational programs (e.g. speech, occupational, language, etc.). There may be a need for expanded remedial educational and behavioral services in this school and elsewhere in the district. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa