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ERIC Number: EJ854187
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 42
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 80
ISSN: ISSN-0885-985X
Two Traditions in the Social Studies Curriculum for the Elementary Grades: The Textbooks of Paul R. Hanna and Harold O. Rugg
Bisland, Beverly Milner
Journal of Social Studies Research, v33 n2 p155-196 Fall 2009
In the 1920s and 1930s, Paul R. Hanna and Harold O. Rugg developed new textbooks that integrated social studies curriculum in the elementary grades for the first time. Each author's curriculum; Hanna's expanding environments framework and Rugg's recurring concepts with a focus on contemporary issues has significantly impacted today's elementary school social studies instruction, textbooks and standards. This study evaluates the quality of the Hanna and Rugg curriculum materials based on an assessment of clear content goals in support of each author's curriculum structure and categories that determine the strength of the concepts used to support the content goals. The study finds that each author meets his curriculum goal with instances of clear and vivid concept development. The authors' inclusions in their curriculums of fundamental concepts that underlie the social sciences are elements within social studies education that continue to be emulated today.
International Society for the Social Studies. University of Central Florida College of Education, Suite 123M P.O. Box 161250, Orlando, FL 32816. e-mail:, Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York; Papua New Guinea; Samoa; United Kingdom (England)