ERIC Number: EJ854101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
How Does Early Developmental Assessment Predict Academic and Attentional-Behavioural Skills at Group and Individual Levels?
Valtonen, Riitta; Ahonen, Timo; Tolvanen, Asko; Lyytinen, Paula
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v51 n10 p792-799 Oct 2009
The main aim of the study was to explore the ability of a brief developmental assessment to predict teacher-rated learning and attentional and behavioural skills in the first grade of school at both the group and individual levels. A sample of 394 children (181 males, 213 females) aged 4 years were followed to the age of 6 years, and 283 of the children (145 males, 138 females; mean age 7y 11 mo) were followed further to the first grade (age 7y) at school. The children were administered a brief but comprehensive developmental assessment (Lene - a neurodevelopmental screening method) at their local child health-care centres at ages 4 and 6 years. In the first grade, teachers completed a detailed questionnaire (JLD Teacher Questionnaire) on the children's (mean age 7y 11mo, SD 3.1mo, range 7y 3mo-8y 4mo) performance and behaviour. Structural equation modelling showed that no single developmental area predicted development during the follow-up. Instead, a comprehensive developmental outcome at age 4 years significantly predicted skills in the first grade at the group level. Developmental status at age 4 and 6 years together explained 66% of the variance of academic skills and 40% of the variance of attentional and behavioural skills in the first grade. Age-specific logistic regression analyses were constructed to produce the risk indices. At the individual level it was possible to reach acceptable levels of sensitivity and specificity for academic skills at age 4 and age 6 years. Identification of attentional and behavioural problems at the individual level was possible at age 6 years, but the number of false positives was high.
Descriptors: Child Health, Measures (Individuals), Grade 1, Child Development, Predictor Variables, Attention Span, Developmental Stages, Elementary School Teachers, Questionnaires, Student Behavior, Academic Achievement, Structural Equation Models, Regression (Statistics), Behavior Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 1
Authoring Institution: N/A