ERIC Number: EJ853958
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Does Acknowledgment as an Assault Victim Impact Postassault Psychological Symptoms and Coping?
Clements, Caroline M.; Ogle, Richard L.
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v24 n10 p1595-1614 2009
Psychological symptoms, abuse characteristics, abuse disability, and coping were assessed in college women who either did or did not acknowledge victim status relative to rape or intimate partner violence. Women were asked directly whether they had experienced intimate partner violence or rape. They also completed the Conflicts Tactic Scale (CTS) and the Sexual Experience Survey (SES). Participants were then classified into groups depending upon whether their answer, when directly asked, was consistent with their self-report on the CTS or SES. Overall, women who met the experiential criteria for either assault, but who did not acknowledge victimization, reported greater disability, more psychological symptoms, and impaired coping. This effect was particularly strong for the rape groups, where those who did not acknowledge victimization reported far more psychological distress, disability, and impaired coping than controls and other victim groups. The authors discuss the results in terms of their methodological implications for studies of assault victims and in terms of the clinical implications for victim identification and treatment. (Contains 4 tables.)
Descriptors: Family Violence, Rape, Females, Coping, Psychology, Victims of Crime, Psychological Patterns, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Violence, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Classification, Disabilities, Aggression
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Conflict Tactics Scale; Sexual Experiences Survey