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ERIC Number: EJ853841
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-May-10
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-1523-1615
Theorizing, Restructuring and Rethinking Nonformal Education in East and West African Communities
Clemons, Andrea; Vogt, Christina
Current Issues in Comparative Education, v6 n2 p88-99 May 2004
This article presents West and East African nonformal education projects as a platform from which to view the interrelationship of participation and transformation in the educational experiences of community, NGO, and state participants. In the context of neo-liberal pressures, carried by an international free-market movement in the 1980s, a wave of administrative decentralization initiatives in education rippled across Africa. In the 1990s, a wave of democratization added itself to global decentralization pressures. As these cases demonstrate, the education decentralization process in nonformal education has resulted in varied and often unintended local interpretations, reactions, and ultimately inaction despite nationally and internationally accepted EFA reform directives. The implications of the findings argue for a rethinking of participatory development for nonformal education programs in decentralized systems. (Contains 1 note.)
Teachers College, Columbia University. International and Transcultural Studies, P.O. Box 211, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa