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ERIC Number: EJ853384
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
ISSN: ISSN-1098-1608
Reducing Seclusion Timeout and Restraint Procedures with At-Risk Youth
Ryan, Joseph B.; Peterson, Reece; Tetreault, George; Hagen, Emily Vander
Journal of At-Risk Issues, v13 n1 p7-12 Win 2007
The purpose of this pilot study was to review the effects of professional staff training in crisis management and de-escalation techniques on the use of seclusion timeout and restraint procedures with at-risk students in a K-12 special day school. An exploratory pre-post study was conducted over a two-year period, comparing the use of these behavior management interventions when all staff members were provided crisis intervention training. In addition, a brief survey was administered to all staff members concerning their training in and use of behavioral interventions. Results indicated professional staff training was effective in reducing (a) seclusion timeout procedures by more than one-third (39.4%) and (b) physical restraints (17.6%). This study also found staff members were not initiating seclusion timeout procedures primarily for the reasons they were trained (e.g., physical aggression) but rather for nonviolent behaviors such as leaving an assigned area and disrupting the classroom environment.
National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. Clemson University, 209 Martin Street, Clemson, SC 29631. Tel: 864-56-599; Fax: 864-656-0136; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota