ERIC Number: EJ852774
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Disclosure of Maternal HIV Status to Children: To Tell or Not to Tell... That Is the Question
Tompkins, Tanya L.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v16 n6 p773-788 Dec 2007
HIV-infected mothers face the challenging decision of whether to disclose their serostatus to their children. From the perspective of both mother and child, we explored the process of disclosure, providing descriptive information and examining the relationships among disclosure, demographic variables, and child adjustment. Participants were 23 mothers and one of their noninfected children (9 to 16 years of age). Sixty-one percent of mothers disclosed. Consistent with previous research, disclosure was not related to child functioning. However, children sworn to secrecy demonstrated lower social competence and more externalizing problems. Differential disclosure, which occurred in one-third of the families, was associated with higher levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms. Finally, knowing more than mothers had themselves disclosed was related to child maladjustment across multiple domains. Clinical implications and the need for future research are considered.
Descriptors: Mothers, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Adjustment (to Environment), Interpersonal Competence, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Self Disclosure (Individuals), Parent Child Relationship, Behavior Problems, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Anxiety, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A