ERIC Number: EJ852764
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Parenting Cognitions Associated with the Use of Psychological Control
Walling, Bobbi R.; Mills, Rosemary S. L.; Freeman, Wendy S.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v16 n5 p642-659 Oct 2007
Psychological control is a pattern of parenting that is intrusive and manipulative of children's thoughts, feelings, and attachment to parents. Although little is known about the determinants of psychological control, it has been linked to the psychological status of the parent. We hypothesized that several parenting cognitions reflecting personal concerns would be associated with the use of psychological control: low perceived control, sensitivity to hurt, and a disapproving attitude to negative emotion. We also examined moderating associations with child temperament and child gender. Participants were 198 mothers and fathers of 3- and 4-year-olds (106 boys, 92 girls; M age = 4.10 years, SD = 0.26). Parents completed self- and spouse-report measures of psychological control, rated their child's temperamental characteristics, and completed measures of parenting cognitions. Predictions were generally supported for two of the three cognitions. Sensitivity to hurt and disapproval of negative emotion were associated with more frequent reported use of psychological control. There were some moderating effects of child characteristics.
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, Psychology, Parenting Styles, Psychological Patterns, Mothers, Fathers, Young Children, Cognitive Processes, Emotional Response, Individual Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A