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ERIC Number: EJ852665
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0040-0599
Wraparound: As a Tertiary Level Intervention for Students with Emotional/Behavioral Needs
Eber, Lucille; Breen, Kimberli; Rose, Jennifer; Unizycki, Renee M.; London, Tasha H.
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v40 n6 p16-22 Jul-Aug 2008
If a student has multiple behavior problems that escalate over time and across different settings, school-based problem-solving teams can become quickly overwhelmed, especially when educators identify "setting events" for problem behaviors that have occurred outside of school and are beyond the control of school personnel. Instead of resorting to exclusion or restrictive placements, schools need to be able to implement proactive interventions that match the complexity and intensity of the student's needs. A function-based individualized behavior intervention plan (BIP) has been described as an important foundation for tertiary tier support; however, identifying the function and designing a specific behavior support plan around problem behavior may be insufficient to prevent more failure--and may be potentially more restrictive or punitive for students. This article discusses the wraparound process, a comprehensive intervention for the 1% to 2% of students with the highest level of emotional/behavioral need. As the most complex intervention in the schoolwide positive behavior support (SWPBS) response-to-intervention continuum, wraparound includes specific engagement techniques to ensure that the design of supports and interventions incorporate the voice and perspectives of the family, student, and teacher. The strength-based wraparound approach deliberately builds constructive relationships and support networks among the student, family, and other key adults, including teachers. Addressing the needs of the adults (e.g., family and teacher) is considered critical to ensuring success for the student at school, at home, and in the community. (Contains 1 table, 2 figures, 1 resource and 6 online resources.)
Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A