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ERIC Number: EJ852662
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0040-0599
A Cultural, Linguistic, and Ecological Framework for Response to Intervention with English Language Learners
Brown, Julie Esparza; Doolittle, Jennifer
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v40 n5 p66-72 May-Jun 2008
Response to Intervention (RTI) has been heralded by many as the long-awaited alternative to using a discrepancy formula for special education eligibility decisions. RTI focuses on intervening early through a multi-tiered approach where each tier provides interventions of increasing intensity. RTI has the potential to affect change for English language learners (ELLs) by requiring the use of research-based practices based on individual children's specific needs. The focus of this article is to provide an initial framework in the use of RTI that considers students' life experiences, including their language proficiencies in their first and second language, as well as the contexts in which they are taught. (Contains 1 figure.)
Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A