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ERIC Number: EJ852422
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-1090-185X
The Influence of Outdoor Schoolyard Experiences on Students' Environmental Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Comfort Levels
Martin, Sarah Carrier
Journal of Elementary Science Education, v15 n2 p51-63 Fall 2003
This study was designed to examine the effects of participation in regular outdoor schoolyard environmental education activities on environmental knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and comfort levels of fourth- and fifth-grade students. Results showed that the fifth-grade treatment group showed statistically significant differences in the measures of environmental knowledge and comfort levels when compared to the control group. There were no significant differences between the fourth-grade treatment and control groups. In addition, significant gender differences were found in the fifth-grade treatment and control groups. The females showed significantly higher scores in the measures of environmental attitudes and behaviors when compared with the males. The significant differences in the fifth-grade treatment group with regard to environmental knowledge and comfort levels in the outdoors, as well as the significant gender differences in the fifth-grade treatment group with environmental attitudes and behaviors, indicate the potential for the effective use of the schoolyard for environmental education activities. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
Western Illinois University. Document and Publications Services, 1 University Circle, Macomb, IL 61455-1390. Tel: 309-298-1917; Fax: 309-298-2869; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A