NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ852401
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Sep
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 97
ISSN: ISSN-1532-8090
Cultural Contexts of Exclusion: Women College Band Directors
Gould, Elizabeth S.
Research and Issues in Music Education, v1 n1 Sep 2003
Despite gender affirmative employment practices, women constitute little more than 5% of all U.S. college band directors. Researchers have investigated this situation in terms of historical precedent, traditional socialization, discrimination, segregation, professional identity, and lack of role models. They have not, however, addressed the culture of conducting college bands. Cultural analysis is essential because the percentage of women conducting college bands in the U.S. has remained virtually static during the past thirty years. It is appropriate because it provides a multi-layered, broader view of the problem which make possible explanations that may be more appropriately generalized and less subject to essentialism. This project analyzes the paucity of women college band directors in terms of the cultural contexts in which they inhabit: the cultures of music, performance, and college bands. Reviewing and interpreting the literature related to these cultures, I use a perspective that takes into account the positionalities of individuals while also locating them in cultural and by implication, historical, contexts. Analysis (reading) creates a narrative in which I foreground what challenges dominant discourse in these cultures, and describe how they function in terms of women college band directors. (Contains 8 footnotes.)
University of St. Thomas. Graduate Programs in Music Education, Loras Hall 103, 2115 Summit Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55105. Tel: 651-962-5729; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A