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ERIC Number: EJ852107
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0735-6331
When the Book Is Better than the Movie: How Contrasting Video Cases Influence Text Learning
Beitzel, Brian D.; Derry, Sharon J.
Journal of Educational Computing Research, v40 n3 p337-355 2009
Video usage in educational contexts is on the rise. We examined 3 alternative theories about cognitive mechanisms of learning and their implications for instructional design when video is employed to enhance text-based learning. Hypothesis-testing procedures followed a falsificationist approach, grounded in philosophy of science literature. Undergraduate students acquired learning-science concepts through web-based activities that involved studying reading material. Participants contrasted video cases "before" reading in one experimental condition, and "after" reading in another. Participants in a control condition read the same texts but saw no video cases. Recall results after a 2-day delay favored the instructional design in which video cases were contrasted "after" reading a text, consistent with a schema-elaboration hypothesis. (Contains 1 table and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A