ERIC Number: EJ851969
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Clinically Referred ODD Children with or without CD and Healthy Controls: Comparisons across Contextual Domains
Kolko, David J.; Dorn, Lorah D.; Bukstein, Oscar; Burke, Jeffrey D.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v17 n5 p714-734 Oct 2008
This study compares 6-11-year-old, clinically referred boys and girls diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder, either with (ODD + CD, n = 40) or without Conduct Disorder (ODD only; n = 136), to a matched sample of healthy control children (HC; n = 69). Multiple informants completed intake diagnostic interviews and self-reports to evaluate constructs examining the child's functioning and contextual influences on functioning (e.g., parent, family, peer, community). ODD + CD and ODD only children were each distinguished from HCs by greater exposure to delinquent peers and lowered parental self-efficacy. In further comparisons to the HC group, ODD only status was associated with parental use of psychological aggression and more stressful life events, whereas ODD + CD status was associated with greater parental hostility. Relative to ODD alone status, ODD + CD status was comparable on all but one variable (greater parental hostility). Similar findings were reported using a subset of girls only. The characteristics that distinguish children with DBDs from controls and, in particular, ODD + CD from ODD only, bear implications for understanding and treating both CD and ODD.
Descriptors: Females, Self Efficacy, Adolescents, Psychological Patterns, Mental Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Behavior Disorders, Family Environment, Parent Child Relationship, Peer Relationship, Delinquency, Peer Influence, Family Influence, Environmental Influences, Aggression, Parenting Styles, Stress Variables, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A