ERIC Number: EJ851962
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Examining the Link between Infant Attachment and Child Conduct Problems in Grade 1
Vando, Jessica; Rhule-Louie, Dana M.; McMahon, Robert J.; Spieker, Susan J.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v17 n5 p615-628 Oct 2008
We examined the extent to which infant attachment status is directly related to child conduct problems 6 years later, and assessed the potential mediating roles of hostile parenting and maternal depression. The sample included 84 adolescent mothers and their children (45 girls, 39 boys). Infant attachment status was assessed using the Strange Situation when the study children were 1-year-old. Hostile parenting was coded during a parent-child interaction task when the study children were 4.5-years-old. Maternal depression was self-rated, also when the study children were 4.5-years-old, using the Beck Depression Inventory. Mothers reported child conduct problems at Grade 1 on the Child Behavior Checklist. Infant attachment status at 1 year of age was directly related to child conduct problems but not to hostile parenting or maternal depression. Neither hostile parenting nor maternal depression mediated the relationship between infant attachment status and child conduct problems. However, the pattern of relations differed by attachment security. For securely attached children, maternal depression, but not hostile parenting, was directly related to conduct problems. For insecurely attached children, hostile parenting, but not maternal depression, was directly related to child conduct problems. Implications for intervention and future research are discussed.
Descriptors: Check Lists, Mothers, Child Rearing, Infants, Child Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Grade 1, Depression (Psychology), Attachment Behavior, Behavior Problems, Elementary School Students, Correlation, Parenting Styles, Early Parenthood, Adolescents, Parent Influence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Depression Inventory; Child Behavior Checklist