ERIC Number: EJ851929
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Who? Where? What? When? Why? How? Question Words--What Do They Mean?
Morgan, Michelle F.; Moni, Karen B.; Jobling, Anne
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, v37 n3 p178-185 Sep 2009
An action research investigation into the use of specific reading comprehension strategies with a group of six young adults with Down syndrome revealed a previously undocumented finding in the area of reading comprehension. This was a uniform deficit among the participants to understand the meanings of question words. This deficit was shown to have negative implications on literacy learning and assessment. For example, it affected their responses to strategic questioning; responses on assessments; maintenance of coherent, responsive dialogue; recall of prior knowledge, past experiences and texts; construction of meaning and their ability to retell. An intervention that focussed on the development of understanding the meanings of the question words "who, where, what, when, why and how" and the application of such understanding specifically in reading comprehension, was successfully implemented and is the focus of this paper. The findings suggest that the meanings of Question words should be taught prior to using questioning as a teaching strategy, and before administering assessments that require the learners to answer questions.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Action Research, Down Syndrome, Prior Learning, Young Adults, Literacy, Teaching Methods, Intervention, Questioning Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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