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ERIC Number: EJ851869
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1622
Developmental Assessment of Preterm Infants at 2 Years: Validity of Parent Reports
Johnson, Samantha; Wolke, Dieter; Marlow, Neil
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v50 n1 p58-62 Jan 2008
Parental questionnaires are inexpensive alternatives to standardized testing for outcome measurement. The Parent Report of Children's Abilities has previously been revised (PARCA-R) and validated for use with very-preterm infants at 2 years of age. This study revalidated the PARCA-R for assessing cognition in a larger and more inclusive sample of preterm infants. One hundred and sixty-four children (82 males, 82 females) of less than 32 weeks' gestation (median 29wks, interquartile range [IQR] 28-30wks); and median birthweight 1200g (IQR 925-1463g) were evaluated using the Mental Development Index (MDI) of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development - 2nd edition (BSID-II) at 2 years' corrected age. Parents completed the PARCA-R questionnaire. Significant correlations between PARCA-R Parent Report Composite (PRC) scores and MDI scores (r=0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.69-0.82, p less than 0.01) demonstrated concurrent validity. A receiver operating characteristic-determined PRC cut-off of less than 44 had optimal discriminatory power (area under curve 0.92) for identifying MDI less than 70, with 85% sensitivity (95% CI 0.58-0.96), 87% specificity (95% CI 0.81-0.92), 98% negative predictive value (95% CI 0.95-1), and 37% positive predictive value (95% CI 0.22-0.54). The PARCA-R has good concurrent validity and diagnostic utility for identifying cognitive delay in very-preterm infants at 2 years of age. It is useful for outcome measurement, developmental screening, and facilitating parental involvement at follow-up.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development