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ERIC Number: EJ851837
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0748-9633
Bystanders' Reactions to Witnessing Repetitive Abuse Experiences
Janson, Gregory R.; Carney, JoLynn V.; Hazler, Richard J.; Oh, Insoo
Journal of Counseling & Development, v87 n3 p319-326 Sum 2009
The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (D. S. Weiss & C. R. Marmar, 1997) was used to obtain self-reported trauma levels from 587 young adults recalling childhood or adolescence experiences as witnesses to common forms of repetitive abuse defined as bullying. Mean participant scores were in a range suggesting potential need for clinical assessment at the time these events occurred. Multiple regression analysis identified significant predictors of distress levels, with intensity of abuse being the strongest. Additional results and implications of findings are discussed.
American Counseling Association. 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 800-422-2648; Tel: 800-347-6647; Fax: 800-473-2329; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Impact of Event Scale