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ERIC Number: EJ851670
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-0126-7663
Instructional Strategies and Science Achievement of Form 2 Students in Malaysia: Findings from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003
Saat, Rohaida Mohd.; Ismail, Noor Azina
Journal of Science and Mathematics Education in Southeast Asia, v29 n1 p62-78 Jun 2006
The present study used data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003 to look at the trend in instructional strategies in science teaching and its effect on the science achievement. Based on the analysis, the strategies used by most science teachers were demonstration, practical work and the lecture method. Among these strategies, the most commonly used in Malaysia was the lecture method where more than 90% of the teachers involved in TIMSS used this strategy. Students in classes where their teachers demonstrated experiments, where students perform experiments and also where students listened to lectures performed significantly higher in the TIMSS science achievement. It was also found that students were more likely to give explanations to their observations than to design their own experiments. These findings suggest that ample opportunities should be given for students to design their experiments which include formulating hypotheses, making predictions and giving explanations to the outcomes of their experiments. (Contains 3 tables.)
Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics (SEAMEO RECSAM). Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 11700 Gelugor, Penang, Malaysia. Tel: +011-60-4-658-3266; Fax: +011-60-4-657-2541; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia