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ERIC Number: EJ851455
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
Assigning Grammatical Gender during Word Production
Holmes, Virginia M.; Segui, Juan
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v35 n1 p5-30 Jan 2006
The present study was designed to examine the processes by which grammatical gender is assigned during word production. French words varied in strength of sublexical cues, based on whether the word ending was typical for one gender rather than neutral about gender, and lexical cues, derived from the associated definite article being uninformative about gender for words beginning with a vowel, but informative for words beginning with a consonant. In Experiment 1, when native French speakers classified the gender of mentally evoked names of pictures, no effects of these cues were obtained. Experiment 2 used an improved methodology, with participants classifying the gender of words translated from English. English-speaking learners of French were influenced strongly by lexical and sublexical cues, while French speakers showed a weaker influence. However, for both speaker groups, words whose gender was classified slowly during recognition were also classified slowly during production, and error rates were similarly correlated across tasks. The conclusion was that gender is not equally available for all words once the associated "lemma" is accessed. Current models of language production may have to incorporate mechanisms allowing differential speed of access to gender information depending on a word's formal properties.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A